10 dietitian-recommended diets that you’ve never heard of. 

Dietitians are expertly trained to support you in managing your weight – most people know that – but did you know there is so more we are trained to do – here are some diets used by dietitians that you may never have heard of. 

  1. Low FODMAP diet – aka low Fermentable Oligosaccharides Disaccharides Monosaccharides and Polyols diet – this exclusion diet helps up to 80% of people with irritable bowel syndrome by cutting out various carbohydrates that feed your gut bacteria. Best followed with the help of a dietitian who can help with foods to substitute and tailored recipes – and importantly reintroducing FODMAPs to regain a healthy balanced diet. Read more here.
  2. Few foods diet – an exclusion diet where you only eat a few foods for a couple of weeks then reintroduce foods one by one to see which ones (if any) you have reactions to. The classic few foods is pork, pear and rice. Dietitians will use this as a last resort for patients with unexplained symptoms when food sensitivities are suspected. Personalised advice and support from a dietitian is key to sticking out this diet properly and safely!
  3. Ketogenic diet – this very low carbohydrate diet is not designed for weight loss but instead has shown near miraculous results for some children with otherwise untreatable epilepsy. Researchers are also trialling this diet with some rare brain tumours.  There are different ratios of nutrients used for different ketogenic diets – which are always carried out under close supervision from a dietitian. Read more here.
  4. Low protein diet – some people are born without specific enzymes to process some of the building blocks of proteins. This makes normal diets severely toxic to them. Not that long ago there were no treatments for these inborn errors of metabolism and they would have unfortunately died or had severe brain damage. Metabolic dietitians specialise in designing low protein diets with special supplements that help people born with inborn errors of metabolism nowadays live a healthy life. Read more here.
  5. Low salicylate diet – salicylates are naturally occurring chemicals in many fruit and vegetables. Some people are intolerant to them. It would be almost impossible to completely avoid them and still eat a healthy diet so a dietitian’s job is to help you find the balance between being symptom free and eating your five a day. Read more about food allergy and intolerance here.
  6. Low fibre diet – fibre – indigestible carbohydrate found in whole grains, fruit and vegetables – is great for gut health. However in some circumstances fibre is thought to exacerbate gut irritation. During flare-ups of diverticulitis and other gut conditions dietitians may advise a low fibre diet. This is usually short-term and dietitians can help with gradual reintroduction as tolerated.
  7. Gluten free diet – gluten is a component of the protein found in wheat, barley and rye. It gives dough its springy elastic texture which gives bread its delicious consistency. At least 1% of the UK have a medical condition called Coeliac Disease which means gluten damages the gut lining – the treatment is to go 100% gluten-free for life. Following a gluten-free diet can be tricky – dietitians support those with Coeliac Disease in staying on track with suggestions for recipes, substitutions and lots of encouragement. Read more here.
  8. Milk free diet– milk, cheese and yogurt play a big part in most of our diets and are very nutritious. Milk allergy is the most common food hypersensitivity in the UK. Cutting out milk without replacing it with alternatives can leave your diet lacking in various nutrients. Dietitians can help with checking your diet and suggesting easy substitutions. See more info here.
  9. Puréed diet – having a stroke, Parkinson’s Disease and other neurological problems can affect your ability to chew and swallow. Sometimes a puréed diet is the easier or safer option. Puréeing your food without adding extra fat and sugar can result in weight loss. Dietitians work closely with you and your speech and language therapists to help devise you the safest and most enjoyable diet that will help prevent loss of muscle and maximise your functioning.
  10. Liquid diet – for sufferers of the debilitating inflammatory bowel disease Crohn’s disease one treatment option is to subsist entirely on nutritional supplement drinks for a few weeks either drunk or put down a tube directly into your stomach. We’re not quite sure why but sometimes this results in remission. Read more here. This treatment is not a replacement for medication but is sometimes used before medication especially in children – with sometimes great success.